Sciences and politics: two centuries of interaction

Politicians and decision-makers are seeking an expertise capable of reducing uncertainty and justifying their decisions. In the environmental context, these dynamics become more complex due to the fact that a number of questions are directly raised by scientists, who ask politicians to find answers, quite often on a regional and even a planetary scale. From ozone to the oceans, including the climate and its IPCC, soil fertility or the loss of biodiversity, dealing with environmental issues is built with political science interfaces which transform the social demand into a question of research and partial knowledge of practical politics.

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